© Maria Arndt

Necessary Infrastructures: Public Toilets between Neoliberalization and Utopia

Landeszentrale für politische Bildung Baden-Würtemberg,
  Stuttgart 2022
Bürger & Staat - Heft 1/2 2022
Öffentliche Infrastrukturen. Die politische Gestaltung der vernetzen Gesellschaft.

ISSN 0007–3121

Lilith Kuhn
Martine Kayser
Rosa Aue
Sabine Bongers-Römer

Hardly any other human need is so little discussed in the context of public infrastructures as the need to urinate. A look at urban planning and development shows that the use and provision of public toilets has changed: while they were once considered an important part of municipal services, they are increasingly privatized or closed under tight budgetary constraints today. The scarce provision of public toilets reinforces the discrimination of people who are particularly dependent on sanitary infrastructures in public spaces. With the concept of the "right to infrastructure", the contribution by Lilith Kuhn, Martine Kayser, Rosa Aue and Sabine Bongers-Römer takes up these de_privileging structures and counters them with emancipatory demands. Building on this, the "loo:topies" they present in conclusion provide utopian food for thought for the design not only of socially just but also ecologically sustainable infrastructures.